The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
The human locomotion and motion are coordinated by the musculoskeletal system (locomotor course of action and the action framework) which is an organ system that gives people the ability to move by their muscular and skeletal systems. The musculoskeletal system gives shape, support, stability and movement to the body. The musculoskeletal system is well co-ordinated by tendons, ligaments, joints and bursae. Aged people are prone to musculoskeletal disorders. Most musculoskeletal diseases cause localised pain or ache and constraint of motion that may hinder normal performance of the persons.
- Track 1-1Muscle Contraction
- Track 1-2Tendons & Ligaments
- Track 1-3Energy for Motion
- Track 1-4Musculoskeletal Diseases
- Track 1-5Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Blood is a body fluid in human beings that convey important substances like nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste items far from those same cells. The heart is the pump in charge of keeping up adequate circulation of oxygenated blood around the vascular system of the body. It is a four-chamber pump, with the right side getting deoxygenated blood from the body at low pressure and pumping it to the lungs and the left side accepting oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumping it at high pressure around the body. The myocardium is a muscle, comprising of individual cells joined by electrical connections. The contraction of every cell is delivered by rise in intracellular calcium concentration leading to spontaneous depolarisation, and as every cell is electrically connected with its neighbour, contraction of one cell prompts to an influx of depolarisation and contraction across the myocardium.
- Track 2-1Circulatory System
- Track 2-2Anatomy of Heart
- Track 2-3Science of Heart Beat
- Track 2-4Cardiovascular Diseases
- Track 2-5Hemostatsis
- Track 2-6Immunology
- Track 2-7Thermoregulation
- Track 2-8Lymphatic System
The respiratory tract is the path of air from the nose to the lungs. It is separated into two portions: Upper Respiratory Tract and the Inferior Respiratory Tract. Contained in the upper respiratory tract are the Nostrils, Nasal Cavities, Pharynx, Epiglottis, and the Larynx. The inferior respiratory tract contains of the Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles, and the Lungs.The important function of respiratory system is gas exchange and hence in breathing. Infants have a breathing rate of about 40 times per minute and adults have 12 to 16 breaths per minute. Pulmonologists treat the respiratory system that affects from various respiratory disorders.
- Track 3-1Respiratory Activity
- Track 3-2Inspiration & Expiration
- Track 3-3Gas Exchange
- Track 3-4Respiratory Diseases
The integumentary system is the organ system that guards the body from various sorts of harm, for example, loss of water or abrasion from outside. The system incorporates the skin and its appendages (including hair, scales, plumes, hooves, and nails). The integumentary system has a different scope of functions; it might serve to waterproof, cushion and secure the more profound tissues, discharge wastes and manage temperature and is the connection site for tangible receptors to perceive pain, sensation, weight, and temperature. In most land-dwelling vertebrates with critical exposure to daylight, the integumentary system additionally offers for vitamin D synthesis.
- Track 4-1Defensive Mechanism of Skin
- Track 4-2Sweat Glands
- Track 4-3Dermatology
- Track 4-4Acupuncture
- Track 4-5Hydroregulation
Neuroanatomy is the study of the anatomy of nervous system which coordinates the actions and reactions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of the human body. It consists of peripheral nervous system (PNS) and the central nervous system (CNS). The nervous system is made of special type of cell called neuron (nerve cell). They send electrochemical signals which cause neurotransmitters to be released at neuronal junctions called synapses. The connections between neurons form neural networks that generate an organism's perception and behaviour.
- Track 5-1Neurons
- Track 5-2Sensory & Motor Systems
- Track 5-3Neurophysiology
- Track 5-4Synapses
- Track 5-5Neurotransmitters
- Track 5-6Nervous Disorders
The fundamental structures that are found in and around the oral cavity contain the lips, cheeks, tongue, hard palate, soft palate, teeth, gums, salivary glands and the upper and inferior jaws. Keeping up the teeth in a state of health is of most extreme significance for entire digestion and nutrition. Teeth serve various capacities in the chewing process; however, they additionally influence our language and look.
- Track 6-1Etiology & Epidemiology of Tooth
- Track 6-2Anatomy of Tooth
- Track 6-3Anatomy of Oral Cavity
- Track 6-4Diagnosis and Treatment in Dentistry
- Track 6-5Research Advancement in Dentistry
The visible part of the human nose is the distended part of the face that bears the nostrils. The structure of the nose is evaluated by the ethmoid bone and the nasal septum, which contains regularly of cartilage and which isolates the nostrils. Usually the nose of a male is greater than that of a female. The nasal root is the upper most part of the nose, building up an hollow at the suture where the nasal bones go over the frontal bone.
- Track 7-1Chronic Nasal Obstruction
- Track 7-2Nasal Polyposis, Nasal Epistaxis and Nasal Myiasis
- Track 7-3ENT Injuries
- Track 7-4Rhinologic aspects of Sleep Disordered Breathing
- Track 7-5Rhinorrhoea & Rhinolith
- Track 7-6Septal Hematoma
- Track 7-7Deviated Nasal Septum
- Track 7-8Cleft Palate
The human eye is an organ that reacts to light and has various purposes. As a sense organ, the mammalian eye grants vision. Rod and cone cells in the retina allow careful light observation and vision including color differentiation and the insight of depth. The human eye can differentiate around 10 million colors. Identified with the eyes of different vertebrates, the human eye's non-image-forming light sensitive ganglion cells in the retina acquire light signs which influence change of the extent of the pupil, keep up and suppression of the hormone melatonin and entrainment of the body clock.
- Track 8-1Opthalmology
- Track 8-2Ocular Therapeutics
- Track 8-3Eyeball Movements
- Track 8-4Ocular Diseases
- Track 8-5Optometry and Vision Science
Bone is a rigid body tissue consisting of cells embedded in an abundant, hard intercellular material. The two principal components of this material, collagen and calcium phosphate, distinguish bone from such other hard tissues as chitin, enamel, and shell. Bone tissue makes up the individual bones of the human skeletal system and the skeletons of other vertebrates. The articulation of two or more bones is called joints. It may be movable or immovable joints. The movable joints help in smooth motion of parts that it connects.
- Track 9-1Cortical Bone
- Track 9-2Cancellous Bone
- Track 9-3Bone Marrow
- Track 9-4Joint types and Replacement
- Track 9-5Terms of Movement
- Track 9-6Bone Repair
It is the branch of anatomy to determine, examine and identifying preserved parts of the body stays to recognize the reason for death, age, hereditary population, sex and so forth it is generally utilized for unravelling the crime scenes. The human body consolidates the entire structure of a man and contains a head, neck, trunk (which joins the thorax and guts), arms and hands, legs and feet. All parts of the body are made out of various sorts of cells, the essential unit of life.
- Track 10-1Forensic Anthropology
- Track 10-2Forensic Taphonomy
- Track 10-3Sex and Age Determination
- Track 10-4Determination of Ancestry
Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a combination of pathology with physiology. Pathology is the therapeutic field that characterizes situations typically detected during a disease state, while physiology is the biological discipline that characterizes procedures or mechanisms working inside an organism. Pathology depicts the abnormal or undesired condition, whereupon pathophysiology explain the physiological procedures or techniques whereby such condition develops.
- Track 11-1The Nerve -Muscle Preparation
- Track 11-2Reflex Action and Reaction Time
- Track 11-3Cell Injury
- Track 11-4Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance
- Track 11-5Innovations in Teaching Physiology
- Track 11-6Renal Physiology
Ergonomics is the process of designing or ordering workplaces, products and systems so that they fit the people who use them. The objective of ergonomics is to create safe, comfortable and productive workspaces by bringing human abilities and limitations into the design of a workspace. Ergonomics is the scientific discipline related with the understanding of interactions amongst people and different components of a system, and the occupation that applies idea, standards, records and techniques to plan in order to improve human well-being and complete system presentation.
- Track 12-1Clinical Anatomy Research
- Track 12-2Responsiveness
- Track 12-3Gross Anatomy
- Track 12-43D Anatomy
- Track 12-5Innovation in Ergonomics Education
Energy is required for all kinds of bodily processes including growth and development, repair, the transport of various substances between cells and of course, muscle contraction. Several energy sources or substrates are available which can be used to power the production of ATP. One of these substrates, like existing ATP, is stored inside the cell and is called creatine phosphate. This conference will focus on understanding energy systems underpins the study of exercise and the effect it has on the human body.
- Track 13-1The Molecular Currency-ATP
- Track 13-2Response to Exercise
- Track 13-3Oxygen Debt and Recovery
- Track 13-4The Digestive System
- Track 13-5Effects of Exercise
- Track 13-6Sports Physiology
Exercise Physiology is a new and growing area of allied health whereas physiotherapy is a long established profession. At some point in our lives the majority of us have seen a physiotherapist for treatment, more than likely lower back pain. Exercise physiology is the investigation of the physiology of physical exercise. This may incorporate research into bioenergetics, biochemistry, cardiopulmonary capacity, biomechanics, hematology, skeletal muscle physiology, nervous system function and neuroendocrine function.
- Track 14-1Exercise Science
- Track 14-2Electrotherapy, Therapeutic Exercise and Hydrotherapy
- Track 14-3Physical Activity
- Track 14-4New trends in Exercise Physiology
- Track 14-5Human Kinesiology
- Track 14-6Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy
Cytology is a branch of Life Science that deals with the structure, functioning and the Chemistry of ‘Cell’, a basic unit of the living organism. It deals with diagnoses of diseases and conditions through the examination of tissue samples from the body and with the other phenomena such as metabolism, ontogenetic differentiation, heredity and phylogeny. Histology, the study of the microscopic anatomy of tissues and cells of animals and plants and the ways in which individual components are functionally and structurally related, is performed by examining cells and tissues under a microscope, the specimen having been sectioned, stained, and mounted on a microscope slide. Histology is an essential tool of medicine and biology.
- Track 15-1Heredity and Phylogeny
- Track 15-2Tissue Architecture
- Track 15-3Stem Cell Cytology
- Track 15-4Innovations in Histology Education
Cell physiology is the biological study about the activities that take place in a cell to keep it alive such as cell growth, cell division, reproduction, nutrition, environmental response and differentiation. The term cell physiology consists of the physiology of neuron transmission, membrane transport and muscle contraction. These cover the digestion of food, circulation of blood and contraction of muscles which are important aspects of human physiology.
- Track 16-1Cell Growth
- Track 16-2Differentiation
- Track 16-3Membrane Transport
- Track 16-4Metabolism
- Track 16-5Cell Biology
Systems physiology is an integrated discipline. It incorporates computational, experimental, and theoretical studies to advance our understanding of the physiology of humans. Systems physiology is systems biology with a physiology focussed view. It tries to depict the way individual cells or components of a system meet to react overall. They frequently examine metabolic systems and cell signalling.
- Track 17-1Body Homeostasis
- Track 17-2Biological Models
- Track 17-3Pain Research
- Track 17-4Electrophysiology
- Track 17-5Anaesthesiology
Defense physiology illustrates changes that happen as a response to a potential risk, for example, planning for the fight-or-flight response. It prepares the body to deal with the threat or stress. Natural barriers and the immune system shield the body against infectious organisms that can harm the normal human physiological processes. Natural barriers include the skin, mucous membranes, tears, earwax, mucus, and stomach acid. The immune system uses different types of white blood cells and antibodies to identify and kill organisms.
- Track 18-1Hormones
- Track 18-2Receptors
- Track 18-3Antibodies
- Track 18-4Immunoglobulins
The term Embryology is the state where embryo develops from the fertilization of the ovum to the fetus stage. Embryology mainly focused on the Origin , Growth and development of an embryonic cells which result after the fertilisation is defined as an embryo. After eight weeks the developed embryo can be termed as fetus. There are different stages of embryonic development and the study of embryo is termed as embryology.
- Track 19-1 Germinal stage
- Track 19-2Embryonic stage
- Track 19-3Fetal stage
Human, animal and Plant life relies on many organs that coexist in organ systems. Organ is composed of group of tissues in a living Organism that are instructed to perform specific function. A variety of organs are found in the body; they will be explored systematically through their anatomy and functions.
- Track 20-1Respiratory system
- Track 20-2Digestive system/Excretory system
- Track 20-3Cardiovascular/Circulatory system
- Track 20-4Renal system/Urinary system
- Track 20-5Endocrine system
- Track 20-6Nervous system
- Track 20-7Musculoskeletal system
- Track 20-8Integumentary system/Exocrine system
- Track 20-9Lymphatic System/Immune System
- Track 20-10Reproductive system
Plant anatomy is the study of plant tissues and cells in order to learn more about the way these organisms are constructed and how they work. These studies are very important because they lead to a better understanding of how to care for plants and fight plant diseases. Plant anatomy is also known as phytotomy. Plant physiology is a subdiscipline of botany concerned with the functioning, or physiology, of plants.
- Track 21-1Seed anatomy
- Track 21-2Root anatomy
- Track 21-3Stem/Wood anatomy
- Track 21-4Leaf anatomy
- Track 21-5Flower anatomy
- Track 21-6Fruit anatomy
Anatomy is the scientific study of the structure of living things including their systems, organs, and tissues. It includes the appearance and position of the various parts, the materials from which they are composed, their locations and relationships with other parts. Most animals have bodies differentiated into separate tissues and these animals are known as metazoans or eumetazoans.
- Track 22-1 Animal growth and development
- Track 22-2cells and tissues
- Track 22-3Muscles
- Track 22-4Skeletal system
- Track 22-5Digestive system
- Track 22-6Circulatory system
- Track 22-7Urinary system
- Track 22-8Nervous system
- Track 22-9Respiratory system
- Track 22-10Reproductive system
- Track 22-11Senses
- Track 22-12Endocrine system