Ophthalmology and Vision Science

The human eye is an organ that reacts to light and has various purposes. As a sense organ, the mammalian eye grants vision. Rod and cone cells in the retina allow careful light observation and vision including color differentiation and the insight of depth. The human eye can differentiate around 10 million colors. Identified with the eyes of different vertebrates, the human eye's non-image-forming light sensitive ganglion cells in the retina acquire light signs which influence change of the extent of the pupil, keep up and suppression of the hormone melatonin and entrainment of the body clock.


  • Track 1-1 Ocular Therapeutics
  • Track 2-2 Eyeball Movements
  • Track 3-3 Ocular Diseases
  • Track 4-4 Optometry

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